Participant Info

First Name
Layla
Last Name
Martin
Affiliation
Harvard University, Women's Media Center, She Rose Up
Website URL
https://.www.sheroseup.org, https://www.linkedin.com/in/astropolitics/
Keywords
astrofeminism, history of gendered bias in the space sector, history of women's exclusion in space, history of women in data, history of women's contributions in space, history of motherhood penalty, advancing gender parity in the space sector, female-centric space priorities, the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index as applied to space governance, policy & priorities, applying smart power to a modern global space code, space tech & climate action/mitigation progress, earth-centric space priorities, space & feminist theory, diversity & inclusion in space governance, policy & priorities, a transdisciplinary perspective of astropolitics, the motherhood penalty, bias and behavioral design, workplace gender bias
Additional Contact Information

Personal Info

Photo
About Me

I coined the term Astrofeminism in 2019 to describe the intersection of feminist theory and outer space governance, policy and priorities. I first became aware of Kimberle Crenshaw’s theory of intersectionality in 2014 and applied it to better understand the history of gendered bias within the space sector.

 

I can demonstrate countless examples of women’s historic exclusion and lack power in the formation and application of space governance, policy and priorities.

 

The World Economic Forum (WEF) introduced the Global Gender Gap Index as a framework for capturing the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracks their progress over time. Gaps in control of financial assets and time spent on unpaid tasks perpetuate economic disparities for women (World Economic Forum, 2018). How does the Global Gender Gap Index convert to the day-to-day obstacles within a female reality?

 

First, it must be noted that simply because a woman is in a position of power does not automatically indicate that female-centric directives are being carried out. To illustrate, as recently as 1995 there were no female CEOs on the Fortune 500 list. The share of female CEOs of Fortune 500 companies has slowly developed and peaked at 6.4% in 2017, falling to 4.8% in 2018 (Pew Social Trends, 2018). With that, I ask the reader to pause and consider the directives, business practices and organization culture of Fortune 500 companies. Have successful organizations been based upon a female-centric foundation? Or, are women, mostly, carrying out the vision and priorities of organizations that were designed with some level of gendered bias?

 

I am exploring the relationship between trust and bias in Astropolitics through the lens of Bohnet’s theory of Behavioral Design (2016) and Nossel’s theory of Smart Power (2004) applying Crewnshaw’s idea of Intersectionality (1989). I will contribute to gender discourse by testing Bohnet and Nossel’s theories in relation to international space governance, policy and New Space directives. An Astrofeminist approach will be diverse and inclusive and encourage cross and intra-disciplinary collaboration, applying a data-driven methodology whenever possible.

Recent Publications

https://www.amazon.com/Layla-Rose-Presant-Rudd/e/B004D74SAY%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share

Media Coverage
https://www.thespaceshow.com/guest/layla-martin
Country Focus
Expertise by Geography
Africa, Australia, Asia, British Isles, Central America, China, East Asia, Eastern Europe, England, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Latin America, Mediterranean, Middle East, Netherlands, New Zealand, North America, Pacific, Russia, Scandinavia, Southeast Asia, Spain, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam, Western Europe
Expertise by Chronology
20th century, 21st century
Expertise by Topic
Diplomacy, Economic History, Environment, Family, Gender, Government, Labor, Military, Politics, Public History, Science, Technology, Women