Participant Info

First Name
Monica H.
Last Name
Independent Scholar
Website URL
history of medicine, infectious diseases, medieval history, pre-modern global history, Black Death, women in science and medicine, global health, plague, leprosy, tuberculosis, manuscript studies, historical epidemiology, pandemics
Additional Contact Information
e-mail is always the best way to reach me.

Personal Info

About Me

Monica H. Green is a historian of medicine and health. She has worked throughout her career in the field of medieval European medical history. In recent years, her interest in the history of the world’s leading infectious diseases, including plague, leprosy, and HIV/AIDS, has allowed her to expand her teaching and research into Global History. Her most recent study (in the December 2020 issue of the American Historical Review) identifies the origins of the Black Death and proposes new alliances between documentary and palaeoscientific approaches to disease history.

Her work has been supported by multiple funding sources, including the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton), Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study (Harvard), and All Souls College (Oxford). Two of her books won top prizes: *Women’s Healthcare in the Medieval West: Texts and Contexts*, which was co-winner of the 2004 John Nicholas Brown Prize of the Medieval Academy of America; and *Making Women’s Medicine Masculine: The Rise of Male Authority in Pre-Modern Gynaecology*, which won the 2009 Margaret W. Rossiter History of Women in Science Prize by the History of Science Society. Likewise, she has won teaching awards from the History of Science Society (2014) and the Medieval Academy of America (2018).

She has edited special issues of two journals: a volume on “Conversing with the Minority: Relations among Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Women in the High Middle Ages” (Journal of Medieval History, June 2008); and the inaugural issue of The Medieval Globe, on the topic of “Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death” (Fall 2014). She founded and continues as list manager for MEDMED-L, an international, multi-disciplinary discussion list for researchers of pre-modern health and medicine.

Currently, she is working on three major projects: (1) a database and monograph on the radical transition in European medicine in the 11th and 12th centuries, which was the first field of science to absorb the theories and therapeutic practices from the Islamic world; (2) a textbook on the Black Death, framing it for the first time as a semi-global pandemic that struck much of both Eurasia and Africa, seeding plague in the landscape of much of the Old World (this also includes development of a major database); and (3) a book on global health history, specifically, the history of the world’s major infectious diseases. Green is interested in making the latest work in the history of medicine accessible in the classroom, and she regularly presents her work to K-12 teachers.

Her professional affiliations include:

  • Medieval Academy of America, Elected Fellow (2011)
  • American Association for the History of Medicine (life member)
Recent Publications
  1. “The Four Black Deaths,” American Historical Review 125, no. 5 (December 2020), 1600-1631, DOI: 10.1093/ahr/rhaa511, plus Supplemental Material, “Marmots and Their Plague Strains,” online only
  2. “Medicine in France and England in the Long Twelfth Century: Inheritors and Creators of European Medicine,” in: France et Angleterre: manuscrits médiévaux entre 700 et 1200, ed. Charlotte Denoël and Francesco Siri, Bibliologia 57 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2020), pp. 363-388
  3. “What Places Ebola in the Realm of the ‘Global’? A View from History,” in The Shapes of Epidemics and Global Disease, ed. Andrea Patterson and Ian Read (Newcastle-on-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020), pp. 328-362
  4. “Emerging Diseases, Re-emerging Histories,” Centaurus 62, no. 2 (2020), 238-251, part of a “Spotlight” issue, Histories of Epidemics in the Time of COVID-19, ed. Erica Charters and Koen Vermeir,
  5. with Lori Jones, “The Evolution and Spread of Major Human Diseases in the Indian Ocean World,” in Disease Dispersion and Impact in the Indian Ocean World, ed. Gwyn Campbell and Eva-Marie Knoll, Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020), pp. 25-57
  6. “Recovering ‘Ancient’ Gynaecology: The Humanist Rediscovery of the Eleventh-Century Gynaecological Corpus,” in Transmission of Knowledge in the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ed. Outi Merisalo, Miika Kuha, and Susanna Niiranen (Turnhout: Brepols, 2019), pp. 45-54
  7. “Gloriosissimus Galienus: Galen and Galenic Writings in the 11th- and 12th-Century Latin West,” in: Brill’s Companion to the Reception of Galen, ed. Petros Bouras-Vallianatos and Barbara Zipser, Brill’s Companions to Classical Reception, 17 (Leiden: Brill, 2019), pp. 319-342
  8. “Putting Africa on the Black Death Map: Narratives from Genetics and History,” Afriques 9 (2018),
  9. “Climate and Disease in Medieval Eurasia,” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History, ed. David Ludden (New York: Oxford University Press, 2018), DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190277727.013.6
  10. “Black as Death” [essay review of Bruce Campbell, The Great Transition (2016)], Inference: International Review of Science 4, no. 1 (2018),, ISSN 2576-4403
  11. “Richard de Fournival and the Reconfiguration of Learned Medicine in the Mid-13th Century,” in Richard de Fournival et les sciences au XIIIe siècle, ed. Joëlle Ducos and Christopher Lucken, Micrologus Library, 88 (Florence: SISMEL-Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2018), pp. 179-206
  12. with Helen King, “On the Misuses of Medical History,” The Lancet 391 (7 April 2018), 1354-55
  13. “On Learning How to Teach the Black Death,” HPS&ST Note, March 2018, pp. 7-33,
  14. “The Globalisations of Disease,” in Human Dispersal and Species Movement: From Prehistory to the Present, ed. Nicole Boivin, Rémy Crassard, and Michael D. Petraglia (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017), pp. 494-520, ISBN 9781107164147
  15. “The Black Death and Ebola: On the Value of Comparison,” in Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death, ed. Monica H. Green, TMG Occasional Publications 1 (Kalamazoo, MI, and Bradford, UK: Arc Medieval Press, 2015), pp. ix-xx
  16. “Genetics as a Historicist Discipline: A New Player in Disease History,” Perspectives on History 52, no. 9 (December 2014), 30-31,
  17. Pandemic Disease in the Medieval World: Rethinking the Black Death, ed. Monica H. Green, TMG Occasional Publications 1 (Kalamazoo, MI, and Bradford, UK: Arc Medieval Press, 2015), ISBN 978-1-942401-00-1
  18. Making Women’s Medicine Masculine: The Rise of Male Authority in Pre-Modern Gynaecology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008), ISBN-13: 978-0-19-921149-4
  19. The ‘Trotula’: A Medieval Compendium of Women’s Medicine (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001), ISBN 978-0-8122-3589-0
Media Coverage
consulted for pieces in Science, Hyperallergic, New York Times, Washington Post, Forbes, NPR, Potsdamer Neueste Nachtrichten. Most recent public notice of research:
Country Focus
Europe, Eurasia, Africa, global
Expertise by Geography
Africa, Asia, Western Europe
Expertise by Chronology
Medieval, Pre-17th century
Expertise by Topic
Gender, Medicine, Pedagogy, Science, Women