Participant Info

First Name
Last Name
The University of Auckland
Website URL
epidemics, polio, diphtheria, historical epidemiology, historical demography, Canada, New Zealand, infectious disease, childhood diseases
Additional Contact Information

Personal Info

About Me

I am interested in applying a holistic, biocultural approach to understanding the evolution and ecology of infectious diseases in human populations and their social and biological impacts.

My most recent work examines mortality patterns in the epidemic emergence of poliomyelitis in the early 20th century (Canada and New Zealand).

Recent Publications
  • Battles, H. T., & Jones, B.-L. (2018). The Social Geography of Diphtheria Mortality in Hamilton. Ontario History, 110(1), 88-88. 10.7202/1044327ar
  • Battles, H. T. (2017). Differences in polio mortality by socioeconomic status in two southern Ontario counties, 1900–1937. Social Science History, 41 (2), 305-332. 10.1017/ssh.2017.1
  • Battles, H. T. (2016). The biologically vulnerable boy: Framing sex differences in childhood infectious disease mortality. Boyhood Studies, 9 (2), 56-72. 10.3167/bhs.2016.09205
Media Coverage
Country Focus
Canada, New Zealand
Expertise by Geography
New Zealand, North America
Expertise by Chronology
19th century, 20th century
Expertise by Topic
Children & Youth, Disability, Medicine, World War I, World War II